Windows 8 is due out later this year, and that makes it a good time to check out one of the most popular Linux-based operating systems. Ubuntu 12.04 LTS is now available for download.

It’s a long-term-support release, which means the company behind Ubuntu will support this version for the next few years, even though Ubuntu 12.10 will be out in another 6 months.

Ubuntu 12.04 LTS

What does this have to do with Windows 8? Not much, really. But while Windows 8 looks like it will be Microsoft’s best operating system to date for tablets, the new user interface might be a little off-putting for desktop and notebook users — so now’s as good a time as any to check out your other options.

Ubuntu has a few things going for it. It’s free. You can try it out without installing it, simply by burning the ISO to a disc or USB flash drive and booting from it. And Ubuntu 12.04 will probably run pretty well on your computer if you’ve got a PC that’s less than half a dozen years old.

Ubuntu 12.04 adds a new “Head-Up Display” or HUD interface which lets you access many menu functions simply by typing — without moving your mouse cursor over the old-fashioned file, edit, view, and other menus.

Ubuntu Head-up Display

The developers have also improved support for systems with multiple monitors, updated the Linux kernel and default applications, and tweaked the desktop backgrounds and other artwork.

Microsoft Windows 8 isn’t the only operating system with a dramatically different user interface though. For the past few releases Ubuntu has featured the Unity desktop environment instead of GNOME, KDE, Xfce, or LXDE, and many long-time users have been less than pleased with the change.

But the nice thing about Linux distributions is that they’re generally pretty easy to customize. You can install the default Ubuntu software and download an alternate desktop environment yourself.

Or you can try a pre-packaged version of the operating system built around a different environment, including Kubuntu, Xubuntu, or Lubuntu.

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5 replies on “Ubuntu 12.04 LTS now available (operating systems)”

  1. On my notebook, 10.04 boots in 10 – 20 seconds and shuts down in 5. 11.10 boots in ~45 seconds and shuts down in 20 – 120 seconds. I have a regular HDD. I hope 12.04 would have better boot times. The shutdown times are related to a NetworkManager bug and supposedly fixed in 12.04.

    I guess I’ll test 12.04 in a VM and compare with a clean 10.04 VM this weekend.

  2. Xubuntu (XFCE) boots up in ~1/2 the time as the ice candy desktops (Kubuntu and Gnome 3).  Linux Mint (based on *buntu) running Debian edition, Gnome 2 (MATE), or XFCE are also quite fast on start-up.  Some people swear by “Cinnamon” as a better compromise between eye candy and basic desktops.  I think that it comes down to (a) local hardware and (b) personal taste.  

    I have never tried measuring LXDE, Cinnamon, or one of the bare-bones desktops.Do NOT measure the performance of booting up a Live Desktop from either CD or thumb drive.  The best way to compare is multi-boot your HDD or SSD.  Then, you will compare distros/desktops as they will run after your “champion” is selected.  It’s a lot of fuss, admittedly.  On the other hand, multi-booting Unix or Linux without Redmond Rubbish is fairly reliable and it just needs time.

    By the way, Firefox start and stop in *buntu 11.10 and 12.04 is pretty zippy.  I think that they got worried about folks switching to Chrome.

  3. As I understand they have been working on performance enhancements too. Not sure it affects boot times as well.

  4. I have been running it exclusively on a Dell Latitude D620 and it is quick. For 90% of folks who check email and surf the web, it works 100%.  I have been running Google’s Chrome and have Skype loaded too.

  5. Anyone know if the boot and shutdown times are as short as with 10.04? They’ve been getting longer and longer.

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