The first 13th-gen Intel Core chips based on the company’s “Raptor Lake” architecture haven’t started shipping yet. But Intel is already talking about improvements we’ll see from its 14th-gen “Meteor Lake” chips which are set to debut in 2023.

While Raptor Lake processors are manufactured using the same Intel 7 process as current-gen “Alder Lake” chips, the upcoming Meteor Lake chips will be the first manufactured using a new process called Intel 4.

Intel (via Tom’s Hardware)

Intel says the move will result in chips over 20% higher clock speeds than similar chips manufactured using an Intel 7 process, without increasing power consumption. But we could see even bigger gains in efficiency: Intel says Intel 4 allows for up to 40% lower power consumption at the same frequency, in at least some circumstances).

There are a few reasons for these improvements. The first is that Intel is transitioning from a 10nm manufacturing process to 7nm. The second is that Intel 4 is the company’s first node that incorporates EUV (extreme ultraviolet lithography), something rivals have been using for years. And, among other things, the result will be chips with 2X the transistor density of those manufactured with an Intel 7 process.

The first Intel 4 chips will also be Intel’s first to use a tiled architecture, putting a series of smaller “chiplets” with different functions (one for the CPU, another for graphics, and another for I/O, for example) into a single package. This is an approach AMD already uses, but it’s expected to become more common with AMD, ARM, and Intel joining forces to create an open chiplet standard called UCIe.

via AnandTech and Tom’s Hardware

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  1. Since Intel 4 will be produced at Fab 34 in Ireland and given Fab 34 received their first UEV tool transplanted from Oregon in April ’22, then keeping in mind that Intel is only receiving 1 EUV tool per month, Fab 34 will not have received all 13 EUV tools required for Meteor Lake until May ’23.

    Once the last tool is installed, an additional 3-4 months for calibration, pushes the beginning of Risk Production to 4Q23.

    This schedule seems to indicate that Meteor Lake will not start Volume Production in ’23.

    If Intel releases Meteor Lake before 2024, it will likely be from low yield (<20%) Risk Production, similar to Samsung 4nm (<20% yield).

    1. But if, big if, the CHIPS act passes, then a chunk of the future production moves to Ohio.